All About TITLE I
9 months ago
Title I is the largest federally funded educational program in the United States. (see: US Dept. of Education). Authorized by Congress, it provides supplemental funds to school districts to assist eligible public and private schools with the highest student concentration of poverty to meet school educational goals.
What Is Title I?
Title 1 of the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (formerly known as NCLB, ECIA, ESEA or Chapter 1) is the largest federally funded educational program. This program, authorized by Congress, provides supplemental funds to school districts to assist schools with the highest student concentrations of poverty to meet school educational goals.
What Schools are Title I Schools for 2017 - 18?
How Do Schools Qualify to Receive Title I Funds?
Schools qualify based on demonstrating that the K-12, ages 5-17, membership has a sufficiently high percentage of economically disadvantaged students. Title 1 regulations require school districts to provide services to all schools where at least 75% of students qualify for free or reduced-price meals or are a Community Eligibility Provision school.
Why are Title 1 Funds Allocated Exclusively to High Poverty Schools?
Research studies done over the past 30 years show conclusively that schools with high concentrations of economically disadvantaged students generally demonstrate lower levels of achievement than do schools with lower concentrations of economically disadvantaged students. As a result, Congress, in the reauthorization of Title 1 under the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015, now requires districts to allocate Title 1 funds to those schools with the highest concentrations of such students, particularly to those schools falling above 75%. Districts may extend Title I benefits to schools lower than 75%, yet not below the district average percentage of free/reduced price meals or directly certified students through the CEP option.
Which children are Title I children?
There is a common misconception that a Title I child is a child eligible for free or reduced-price meals, but this is false. Because the Title I program in this district operates at the school level in the form of School-wide Programs, there are technically no Title I children in the district; only Title I schools. The children within each Title I school have no designation related to Title I.
How are schools allocated Title 1 funds?
Once a school qualifies, funds are then allocated in the spring based on a formula developed at the district office that projects the number of qualifying children at the school for the following year. Occasionally, a further adjustment is made after the first month of school the year funds are allocated, to ensure that schools receive funds commensurate with the number of qualifying children actually enrolled.
How can Title 1 funds be used at the school site?
Title 1 funds must be used to promote:
- High academic/achievement for all children;
- A greater focus on teaching and learning;
- Flexibility to stimulate local initiatives coupled with responsibility for student performance;
- Improved linkages among schools, parents, and communities.
In general, funds cannot be used to purchase/lease/rent or improve facilities or provide routine transportation costs for the transport of students to and from school or supplant funds the school is already entitled to from other sources.
Are there restrictions on using the funds to hire staff?
The intent of the law is to use funds to acquire "highly qualified" professionals and state licensed certified teachers. Although the final draft of the law permits the use of funds for other staff, the primary focus remains on "highly qualified" and "State Licensed Certified" teachers. Schools intending on hiring non-professional staff with Title 1 funds should request clearance from the district Title 1 office. The state further prohibits the expenditure of Title I funds in school level clerical, administrative or school safety personnel.
Do Title I Funds follow the child if he moves to another school?
As indicated in the Act, the intended purpose of these funds is to improve the school. This is why funds are allocated to schools, not to children. As a result, if a child leaves a Title I school and transfers to another school, there is no transfer of Title I funds to the receiving school.
Do Private Schools also receive Title 1 Assistance?
Federal regulations require that districts provide access to academic support services in private schools that qualify to receive Title 1 funds. Assistance is limited to remedial reading and/or mathematics tutorial services that support the regular instructional program for certain students in qualifying private schools. As required by federal law, these students must (1) be experiencing significant difficulty in reading and/or mathematics in their regular classes and (2) live in a neighborhood that is served by a public school that is an identified Title 1 school and (3) qualify on the basis of family income. Call (386) 758 - 4912 for further information about this program.
Title 1 - Program Purposes
Title 1 Programs (Part A of PL 114-95 of the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015, provide funds to districts in order to assist schools with the highest levels of economically disadvantaged youngsters to:
- improve student achievement for all participating children,
- improve staff development and
- improve parent and family engagement.
In accordance with federal law, funds are allocated directly to schools to work toward these three goals. In this district, all schools falling above 58% of their K-12 membership eligible for a free or reduced-price meal receive funds. Funds are allocated on a per qualifying child (child with free or reduced-price meal status) basis. Federal law requires that a district not use Title 1 funds to offset expenses to a Title 1 school that would normally be paid by other sources if Title 1 funds were not available.
Program Design/Operation and Assessment
The School Improvement Plan is the vehicle for comprehensive school planning. Plans are completed through the School Improvement Office.
The district's philosophy is to provide a minimum of rules and regulations beyond what is found in federal law, regulations or policy, regarding the expenditure of funds at the school site, so long as this expenditure is representative of the wishes of the school improvement team, is consistent with district policies, state law and program goals.
There are no unique measures applied to "Title 1 children" as technically there are no “Title I children” in our district; only Title I schools.
Director of Federal Programs
NCLB Complaint Process
12 months ago
Section 9304(a)(3)(C) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 as amended by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-110) requires states to adopt written procedures for the receipt and resolution of complaints alleging violations of law in the administration of the programs in P.L. 107-110.
Local Level Resolution for NCLB Complaints
Every effort should be made to resolve the complaint at the district or school level before filing a complaint with the Florida Department of Education (FDOE). Typically, the school board policy will describe the parent grievance procedures. The local policy may require a meeting with the principal, central office administrators, and the school board. Once the local complaint process has been completed, if no resolution has been reached, the complaint may be submitted to the FDOE.
Complaint Procedures for NCLB
Individuals who are filing complaints must include the following written information:
- The name of the school, campus, or school employee alleged to have violated a specific federal requirement.
- The specific requirement you believe has been violated.
- The actions, facts, and documentation on which you base your complaint.
- Documentation of the efforts to resolve the complaint through the local parent complaint process.
- The resolution you expect.
Written complaints are accepted by mail, fax, e-mail, or in person. The FDOE must be able to verify the complainant’s name, phone number, and address in order to acknowledge receipt of the complaint. FDOE will not be able to appropriately respond to the complaint without contact information. FDOE requests a signature of the person filing the complaint. Send complaints to:
Office of Federal Programs
Florida Department of Education
325 West Gaines Street, Room 644
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0400
Written complaints are forwarded to the appropriate state education agency (SEA) division for review and response. If additional information is needed, the SEA division will contact the person filing the complaint.
To ensure that you have properly accounted for the required components necessary for filing an official complaint, you can use the online NCLB complaint form. Fill out the required fields, print out the letter that is generated, and mail the signed form to the address above. Should you need to file a complaint against a state-approved Supplemental Educational Services (SES) provider, please refer to the following section.
Complaint Resolution for NCLB
FDOE will respond to complaints about the requirements of NCLB within 60 days of receipt unless an extension is needed because of extenuating circumstances. Complainants will be notified, in writing, if an extension will be needed and the reasons for the extension. The written resolution will include:
- A statement of the federal program requirements involved.
- A summary of the information, records, or data reviewed and considered.
- The findings of fact.
- The conclusions for each allegation, including the reasons for the conclusion.
- Any technical assistance, negotiation, or corrective action that must occur and when the action must occur.
The written resolution will be mailed to the complainant and the superintendent of the school district or charter school against whom the allegations were made.
Complaint Procedures for Supplemental Educational Services
Before filing a complaint about an SES provider, contact the school district and report the provider to the district SES coordinator. A list of district SES coordinators is available on the Florida Department of Education’s (FDOE’s) Web site. Once the school district process is complete, if the issue cannot be resolved, the complaint may be submitted to the FDOE.
To submit a complaint regarding SES to the FDOE, complete and submit Form SES 200 to the FDOE with any supporting documentation. To access the online version of Form SES 200, please go to the online SES complaint form. The form should be printed, signed, and mailed to the Bureau of Federal Educational Programs at 325 West Gaines Street, Suite 348, Tallahassee, FL 32399-0400.
Questions or Assistance about NCLB
If you have questions about the NCLB complaint process or wish to speak to a program director about your NCLB complaint, please refer to the programs included in the Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965, as amended by the NCLB Act of 2001, listed below:
|Title I, Part A, Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged||Wanda Young||850-245-0726|
|Title I, Part C, Education of Migratory Children||Carol Gagliano||850-245-0709|
|Title I, Part D, Subparts I & II||Melvin Herring||850-245-0684|
|Title II, Part A, Teacher & Principal Training and Recruiting Fund||Peggy Primicerio||850-245-0734|
|Title III, Part A, English Language Acquisition||Chane Eplin||850-245-5074|
|Title VI, Part B, Subpart 2, Rural & Low Income||Jessie Simmons||850-245-0682|
|Title X, Education of Homeless Children & Youth Program||Lorraine Allen||850-245-0668|